Life Expectancy Stage 5 Kidney Failure with Dialysis

Source:  Life Expectancy Stage 5 Kidney Failure with Dialysis    Tag:  polycystic kidney disease life expectancy
What is the life expectancy of stage 5 kidney failure with dialysis? This article will introduce you the details.

Dialysis is strictly administered to patients diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In some cases, patients awaiting a kidney transplant might be asked to undergo dialysis as a temporary measure. It must be noted that dialysis cannot cure kidney failure. This is only a procedure for carrying out the primary functions of fluid removal and waste removal from the human body. Dialysis is categorized into hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. People in the end-stage renal failure will need to undergo dialysis for the rest of their life, unless they opt for a kidney transplant.

The prognosis for a person in the end-stage renal failure depends on various factors. While dialysis can be life-saving, and there are people who live beyond the expected life expectancy, prognosis could be poor due to the associated illnesses. Though opting for dialysis may result in extended survival, when compared to people opting for conservative management, factors such as age, functional status, and co-existing medical conditions may affect the life expectancy.

Age

According to U.S. Renal Data System, the mortality rate is twice as high for dialysis patients aged 65 and above, in comparison to the general population who have diabetes, cancer, congestive heart failure, CVA/TIA, or AMI. The condition of the patient at the time of starting dialysis does affect the life expectancy. Studies have indicated that the survival rates are lower for ESRD patients, who are 65 years and above. The median life expectancy declines with age.

Co-existing Medical Conditions

Mortality rates in dialysis patients are also adversely affected, depending on the underlying cause of kidney disease, or the co-existing medical conditions such as diabetes, atherosclerotic heart disease, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, stroke, cancer, liver disease, gastrointestinal bleeding, or lung disease. The five-year survival rates after the start of dialysis for diabetes, polycystic kidney disease, and glomerulonephritis are about 29%, 70%, and 58% respectively.

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